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Brahminy Worm Snake ( Ramphotyphlops Brahminus )

Name
Brahminy Worm Snake ( Ramphotyphlops Brahminus )
Length in mm
35 mm at hatching , max ( 230 mm )
Identification
Head same width as body,snout round.Tiny scale covered eye visible as black dot.Short,blunt tail ends in a tiny spine.Glossy body.almost uniform reddish brown or blackish brown above,lighter below.Only upper jaw has teeth.
Feeds on
Ants,other small insects and other larvae.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 2-7 eggs)
Mating Season
NA
Found in
The whole of South Asia.

Beaked Worm Snake ( Grypotyphlops Acutus )

Name
Beaked Worm Snake ( Grypotyphlops Acutus )
Length in mm
max 600 mm
Identification
Head same width as body,snout pointed with large,hooked beak like scale.Nostrils below the "beak".Tiny scale covered eye visible as black dot.Short tail ends in a spine.Only upper jaw has teeth.
Feeds on
Worms,soft bodied insects and larvae.
Type of reproduction
info not available
Mating Season
Info not available
Found in
Found south of Ganges basin and south of rajasthan.

Indian Rock Python ( Python Molurus Molurus )

Name
Indian Rock Python ( Python Molurus Molurus )
Length in mm
500 mm at hatching , max ( 7620 mm )
Identification
Thick bodied smooth- scaled.Head broader than neck,eye has vertical pupil.Scale at snout tip and first two upper lip scales have heat sensitive pits.Yellowish to brown with asymmetrical dark brown ,black edged blotches.Two dark streaks on side of head - one below the other through /behind eye.
Feeds on
Rodents,fruit bats,birds,jackals,civets,deer and wild boar.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 107 eggs in March -June)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Found throughout India except Islands.

Common Sand Boa ( Gongylophis Conicus )

Name
Common Sand Boa ( Gongylophis Conicus )
Length in mm
125 mm at birth , max ( 1000 mm )
Identification
Short and thick bodied.Scales of head and tail strongly keeled.Small eye has vertical pupil,tail is short.Irregular usually dark brown pattern on body,black edged blotches that are connected on back.
Feeds on
Rodents,lizards,insects,birds.
Type of reproduction
Ovoviviparous (gives birth to 6 - 8 young ones in May -July)
Mating Season
Jan - March
Found in
Found throughout India except Northeast and Andaman & Nicobar islands.

Red Sand Boa ( Eryx Johnii )

Name
Red Sand Boa ( Eryx Johnii )
Length in mm
220 mm at birth , max ( 1000 mm )
Identification
Thick bodied ,head not broader than neck,witha a wide shovel shaped scale at the tip of the snout.Eye small but distinct,has vertical pupil.Tail resembles to head giving rise to misbelieve that it has two heads.Reddish,brown,dark brown,speckled gray in color variables.
Feeds on
Rodent,birds.
Type of reproduction
Ovoviviparous (gives birth to 6 - 8 young ones in March -July)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Found throughout India.Pakistan and Nepal as well.

File Snake ( Acrochordus Granulatus )

Name
File Snake ( Acrochordus Granulatus )
Length in mm
220 - 344 mm at birth , max ( 1220 mm )
Identification
Stout body covered with small,rough,file like scales.Head not broader than neck,nostrils and extremely small eyes situated on upper surface of head.Tail short and slightly flattened but not oar like as that of true of sea snake.Body marked with alternate dull dark gray and pale brown or off white rings or cross bands.
Feeds on
Fish and eels.
Type of reproduction
Ovoviviparous (gives birth to 6 - 12 young ones )
Mating Season
Not available
Found in
Found on Indian coastline,even Andaman coastline.

Common Trinket Snake ( Coelognathus Helena Helena )

Name
Common Trinket Snake ( Coelognathus Helena Helena )
Length in mm
250 mm at hatching , max ( 1680 mm )
Identification
Slender bodied,scales of hind body and tail sometimes keeled.Mostly tan or olive and chocolate brown wih two black stripes on neck,light bands and checks on forebody.
Feeds on
Rats,mice,squirrels,lizards,frogs,birds.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 6 - 12 eggs in March -July)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Found throughout India,Srilanka,Nepal,Pakistan.

Montane Trinket Snake ( Coelognathus Helena Monticollaris)

Name
Montane Trinket Snake ( Coelognathus Helena Monticollaris)
Length in mm
max 1000 mm.
Identification
Slender bodied.scales of hind body and tail sometimes keeled.Tan olive and chocolate brown with a banded forebody.The bands consist of several rows of large pale yellow oval or round spots encircled with black.Hind body has lateral stripes.
Feeds on
Rats,nice.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 10 - 15 eggs in March -July)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Western Ghats(Tamil Nadu,Kerala,Karnataka)

Indian Rat Snake ( Ptyas Mucosa )

Name
Indian Rat Snake ( Ptyas Mucosa )
Length in mm
320 mm at hatching , max ( 3500 mm )
Identification
Scales smooth or keeled,head broader than neck,large eye has round pupil.Varies greatly in color.Pale yellow,olive,brown,gray or black.Body lightly or strongly marked with black,markings usually distinct on tail.
Feeds on
Rats,toads,lizards,frogs,birds.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 8 - 22 eggs in March -September)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Found throughout South and Southeast Asia.

Banded Racer ( Argyrogena fasciolata )

Name
Banded Racer ( Argyrogena fasciolata )
Length in mm
150 mm at hatching , max ( 1347 mm )
Identification
Scales smooth ,light or dark brown,snout tapered.Young with brilliant white head markings and bright white cross bands.Adults usually without bands,belly white or yellowish white.
Feeds on
Insects,Rats,mice,squirrels,lizards,frogs,birds.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 2 - 6 eggs in October)
Mating Season
August- September
Found in
Found throughout India,from Baroda to Gwalior.

Slender Racer ( Coluber Gracilis )

Name
Slender Racer ( Coluber Gracilis )
Length in mm
max ( 930 mm)
Identification
Small ,slender,smooth scaled.head broader than neck,large eye with round pupil.Tail long and thin.Narrow white,black edged cross bars on the back,which widen on the sides to connect with adjacent bands.Marking indistinct on hindbody.Often mistaken for a kukri snake on account of its head markings.
Feeds on
Skinks and geckos.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 6 - 12 eggs in March -July)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Recorded only from Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

Russell's Kukri Snake ( Oligodon Taeniolatus )

Name
Russell's Kukri Snake ( Oligodon Taeniolatus )
Length in mm
75 mm at hatching , max ( 590 mm )
Identification
Scales smooth,head slightly or not broader than neck.Eye has round pupil,tail has pointed tip.Markings on head and back extremely variable. "^" shaped marks closely followed by a broad band or blotch on neck.Pale brown with a series of thin black cross lines formed by black scale edges.Striped forms are usually are found in dry areas,while blotched forms inhabit moister regions.
Feeds on
Reptiles,amphibian eggs,small lizards.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 3 - 9 eggs in late June )
Mating Season
March - April
Found in
Found in hills and plains of peninsular and northern india.western Himalayas.

Common Kukri Snake ( Oligodon Arnensis )

Name
Common Kukri Snake ( Oligodon Arnensis )
Length in mm
80 mm at hatching , max ( 700 mm )
Identification
Scales smooth ,head slightly or not broader than neck,with typical ^ shaped marks seen on most kukri snakes,eye has round pupil.Short tail has pointed tip,single scale at tip of snout extends well onto upper surface of head.10 - 20 distinct black or dark brown bands adn three ^ shaped marks of same color on head.
Feeds on
insects,larvae,spiders,gecko eggs,reptiles eggs,geckos,skinks and small mice.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 3 - 9 eggs in March -June)
Mating Season
Dec - Jan
Found in
Found throughout India, except Northeast,Pakistan,Nepal,Bangladesh,Srilanka.

Common Bronzeback Tree Snake ( Dendrelaphis Tristis )

Name
Common Bronzeback Tree Snake ( Dendrelaphis Tristis )
Length in mm
150 mm at hatching , max ( 1690 mm )
Identification
Long,slender,smooth scaled,head distinctly broader than neck,snout bluntly rounded.Large eye has round pupil.Tail very long,thin and wire like .Bronze brown or purplish brown back with a dark brown or black stripe on either side of body.
Feeds on
Lizards,frogs,small birds,geckos.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 6 - 8 eggs in April )
Mating Season
March
Found in
Found in downward parts of India,northeast india to Darjeeling.

Yellow Spotted Wolf Snake ( Lycodon Flavomaculatus )

Name
Yellow Spotted Wolf Snake ( Lycodon Flavomaculatus )
Length in mm
max ( 520 mm )
Identification
Slender bodied,smooth scaled,flattened head slightly broader than neck,snout broad,projects beyond lower jaw. Eye entirely black,series of small bright yellow spots along the midback. Lips scales and underside white.
Feeds on
Geckos.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous
Mating Season
Not available
Found in
Only recorded from a few places in and around Western Ghats of Maharashtra.

Common Wolf Snake ( Lycodon Aulicus )

Name
Common Wolf Snake ( Lycodon Aulicus )
Length in mm
140 mm at hatching , max ( 800 mm )
Identification
Slender bodied,smooth scaled,flattened head slightly broader than neck,snout broad. Eye entirely black.10 -20 narrow white or yellow bands that fork on sides of body.Neck usually has whitish or yellowish collar.Upper lip white or spotted with brown.
Feeds on
Lizards,geckos,skinks.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 5 - 7 eggs in December - January )
Mating Season
September
Found in
Found throughout India,Srilanka,Nepal,Pakistan.

Dumerill's Black Headed Snake ( Sibynophis Subpunctatus )

Name
Dumerill's Black Headed Snake ( Sibynophis Subpunctatus )
Length in mm
250 mm adults, max ( 460 mm )
Identification
Slender bodied,head slightly broader than neck,eye has round pupil,tail long gradually tapering,without black rings.Series of tiny black dots run along the midback,sides of body often gray,separated from brown back,by a dark line or dark spots.Neck has white collar.
Feeds on
Geckos,Skinks,small snakes.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 2 - 5 eggs )
Mating Season
Not available.
Found in
Peninsular India,south of Rajasthan and south of Ganges Valley.

Checkered Keelback ( Xenochrophis Piscator )

Name
Checkered Keelback ( Xenochrophis Piscator )
Length in mm
125 mm - 215 mm at hatching , max ( 1750 mm )
Identification
Scales keeled,eye has round pupil,two bold black streaks one below the other from eye to angle of mouth.Olive green,olive brown,yellow,brown ,gray or black usually with checkered body pattern.Closely set spots or checks.
Feeds on
Frog eggs,tadpoles,water insects,fish,frogs.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays upto 90 eggs around Dec- Mar )
Mating Season
Sept - Oct.
Found in
Throughout India and the rest of South Asia, except Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Striped Keelback ( Amphiesma Stolatum )

Name
Striped Keelback ( Amphiesma Stolatum )
Length in mm
90 mm - 170 mm at hatching , max (800 mm )
Identification
Slender bodied,brown back with two distinct ribbon like yellowish stripes from neck to tip of tail.Head light brown or olive above,lips and area in front of and behind eye yellowish.
Feeds on
Frog,toads,snails,small lizards,rodents.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 5 - 15 eggs )
Mating Season
Sept.
Found in
Throughout India,Pakistan,Sri lanka,Nepal.

Green Keelback ( Macropisthodon Plumbicolor )

Name
Green Keelback ( Macropisthodon Plumbicolor )
Length in mm
75 mm at hatching , max ( 940 mm )
Identification
Stout bodied,scales on body strongly keeled,those on upper surface f head smooth,large and variable in size.Large eye has round pupil.Young snakes have bright yellow ^ shaped mark on neck,bordered on both sides by a dark blue black area and also have black stripe from eye to angle of mouth.
Feeds on
Frog,small lizards,toads.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 8 - 14 eggs in August )
Mating Season
May - June.
Found in
Whole of the mainland except the east coast,ganges valley and the extreme Northwest. Common in parts of Maharashtra.