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Spectacled Cobra (Naja Naja)

Name
Spectacled Cobra (Naja Naja)
Length in mm
250 - 300 mm at hatching , max(2200mm)
Identification
Brown head, hood mark variable.The famous "spectacled " marking on hood usually makes identification easy
Feeds on
Rodents,toads,frogs,birds.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 10 - 30 eggs in March -July)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Commonly found except Northeast,Pakistan,Srilanka.

Russells Viper ( Daboia russelii )

Name
Russells Viper ( Daboia russelii )
Length in mm
240 mm at birth , max (1800 mm)
Identification
Body stout,rough in appearance.Scales strongly keeled.Triangular head broader than neck.Eye has vertical pupil,tail short,thin.The "spots" may have pointed ends,may meet to form a chain like pattern or may have narrow white or cream margins.
Feeds on
Rodents, Indian Gerbils.
Type of reproduction
Ovoviviparous (gives birth to 6 - 63 young ones in May -July)
Mating Season
Feb - Mar.
Found in
Commonly found throughout except Kashmir.

Common Indian Krait ( Bungarus Fasciatus )

Name
Common Indian Krait ( Bungarus Fasciatus )
Length in mm
250 - 280 mm at hatching , max (1750 mm)
Identification
Head slightly broader than neck, eye entirely black,round pupil not visible in life.Glossy black,pale faded bluish gray or dark brownish - black with narrow white cross lines that continue to pointed tip of short tail.These lines usually absent on forebody or they are replaced by white vertebral spots.
Feeds on
Other snakes even kraits,Rodents,Lizards,frogs.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 8 - 12 eggs in March -May)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Commonly found except Northeast,Pakistan,Srilanka.

Saw Scaled Viper ( Echis Carinatus )

Name
Saw Scaled Viper ( Echis Carinatus )
Length in mm
80 mm at birth , max ( 800 mm )
Identification
Body short,stout.Scales strongly keeled,rough appearance.Head distinctly broader than neck.Large eye has vertical pupil,tail very short,thin.Top of head has arrow head mark,underside white speckled with brown.
Feeds on
Mice,lizards,frogs,scorpions and insects.
Type of reproduction
Ovoviviparous (gives birth to 4 - 8 young ones in April - August)
Mating Season
Feb - March
Found in
Commonly found except West Bengal,Northeast.

Bamboo Pit Viper ( Trimeresurus gramineus )

Name
Bamboo Pit Viper ( Trimeresurus gramineus )
Length in mm
160 mm at birth , max ( 1135 mm )
Identification
Triangular head distinctly broader than neck,eye has vertical pupil.Heat sensitive pit between nostril and eye.Tail short,prehensile.Usually grass green above,occasionally yellow or olive brown.Lip scales and underside yellow,white or pale green.
Feeds on
Frogs,lizards,small birds like sunbirds and small rodents.
Type of reproduction
Ovoviviparous (gives birth to 4 - 15young ones in June - July)
Mating Season
March - April
Found in
Commonly found in Western ghats and Maharasthra.

Slender Coral Snake ( Calliophis melanurus )

Name
Slender Coral Snake ( Calliophis melanurus )
Length in mm
max 350 mm.
Identification
Body extremely slender,cylindrical.Head scarcely broader than neck,small eye entirely black,short tail.Head blunt,black with whitis or yellowish spots on nape.Underside coral red,tail brown with two black rings,underside of tail bluish gray.
Feeds on
Rodents,toads,frogs.
Type of reproduction
Oviparous (lays 2 - 6 eggs in March -July)
Mating Season
Jan - Feb
Found in
Found in Maharasthra,Gujarat,Karnataka,Tamilnadu.

Hook Nosed Sea Snake ( Enhydrina Schistosa )

Name
Hook Nosed Sea Snake ( Enhydrina Schistosa )
Length in mm
150 - 280 mm at birth ,max ( 1580 mm)
Identification
Head slightly or not broader than neck,scale at tip of snout extends downward and looks like a beak or " hook nose".Tail flat,oar like.Upper surface of head and body pale gray,bluish or greenish gray ,unbanded or faintly banded.Young similarly colored with distinct dark blackish gray bands and rings.Belly scales distinct,slightly broader than those on sides of body.
Feeds on
Fish.
Type of reproduction
Ovoviviparous (gives birth to 4 - 33 young ones in Feb -May)
Mating Season
Nov - Dec
Found in
Commonly found on Indio-Pacific coasts.

Annulated Sea Snake ( Hydrophis Cyanocinctus )

Name
Annulated Sea Snake ( Hydrophis Cyanocinctus )
Length in mm
380 mm at birth , max ( 1885 mm)
Identification
Head small,very slightly or not broader than neck,small eye has round black pupil ringed with yellow.Hind body flattened ,tail flat,oar like.Color and markings variable.Olive brown or yellowish back usually with 50 - 75 sooty black cross bands.Bands may form complete rings,sides and belly pale yellow.Markings fade or almost disappear with age.
Feeds on
Fish and eels.
Type of reproduction
Ovoviviparous (gives birth to 3 -16 young ones)
Mating Season
NA
Found in
Found on Indian coastline.